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June 19 Log. June 3 Log. May 6 Log. April 30 Log. April 15 Log. At the outbreak of the American Civil War, naval technology was improving rapidly, with both armament and armor reaching new levels of effectiveness. The USS Monitor was rushed into production to meet the threat of the larger and more heavily armed Confederate ironclad Virginia. Designed by Swedish-American engineer John Ericsson, the Monitor represented a radical departure from traditional warship design. The vessel was powered by steam alone and was the first American warship with no masts and sails.
With barely more than one foot of her deck visible, all machinery, storage, working and berthing areas were below the water line. The vessel was constructed almost exclusively of iron and was heavily armored.
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A 5-foot high, 6-inch thick armor belt encircled the vessel at the water line for protection during battle. Perhaps the ship's most novel feature was its revolving turret. Located near the middle of the ship, it was 9 feet high, 22 feet in diameter, and housed two inch Dahlgren smoothbore cannon. The Virginia was constructed over the modified hull of the steam frigate USS Merrimack, which theConfederates had salvaged after she was burned and scuttled by Union forces. Because of the threat that the Virginia posed to the Federal fleet at Hampton Roads, Virginia, the Monitor was ordered to that area in early March, immediately following hurried sea trials.
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She arrived at Hampton Roads the night of March 8. Earlier that day, the Virginia had engaged the Federal fleet, destroying the wooden frigates Cumberland and Congress. The Minnesota had also been damaged and stranded before the Virginia retired to sheltered anchorage near Norfolk. When the Virginia steamed out to renew the attack on the Minnesota early on the morning of March 9, she encountered the strange-looking Monitor.
There was already some Confederate forces located at the Russell's House property, which included a few surrounding buildings. Smith deployed his skirmishers toward the Confederate line and spread his advance guard forward. Around midafternoon, Smith had 4 of his cannon open fire on the Confederates. The Confederates hid in the house and other buildings.
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The ongoing Union artillery fire confused the Confederates, who soon scattered in confusion from their positions. The Federals advanced and took over the Confederate positions. As soon as they arrived, the 4th Georgia Infantry, commanded by Capt. William H. Willis, attacked the party. The Confederates managed to drive away the Federals. At the time, the was a small garrison of Confederates there. There was a brief skirmish between the two sides before the Confederates were forced to retreat.
The Federals then occupied Tuscon.
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The depot was located about 10 miles from Covington. The raiders were able to destroy several bridges in the area. As soon as they landed, they were ambushed by a group of Confederates. The Confederates had been laying in wait for the Federals. During the attack, most of the landing party was either killed or captured. Turner Ashby's 7th Virginia Cavalry was to carry out their part in Maj.
Ashby's men moved out at daybreak and at midmorning, they were at Buckton Station. The Confederates sneaked into Buckton Station. In less than 5 minutes, the Confederate force took possession of the station. Afterwards, Ashby's men left for Front Royal to join the rest of Jackson's force. They began to bombard the town and the Confederate battery located there.
The Confederate forces soon abandoned their position and the Federals only captured a single cannon. When the train was within range, the Confederates attacked it. The wagon train was partially destroyed with the remainder managing to escape. Once they arrived, they drove away the small Confederate militia and destroyed the Confederate supply warehouse.
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Sheridan was commanding a Union cavalry force when they came to Booneville. The Federals captured or desrtoyed 10, small arms, 3 artillery pieces, large quanities of clothing and ammunition. Sheridan ordered that the 2, Confederate prisoners that was unable to keep up with his force to be paroled.
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Conner and an infantry regiment was left to guard the captured supplies and Union prisoners. On May 30, a Union force, led by Brig. Nathan Kimball, approached Front Royal at A.
They had marched all night to arrive here. Once Conner saw that the town was about to be entered by the Federals, he ordered a retreat towards Winchester. Kimball led his soldiers into the town and sent a man cavalry force to give chase to the Confederates. The Confederate spy, Belle Boyd, was captured by the Federals during their occupation of the town, and 24 Union prisoners were released.
The Union cavalry caught up with the retreating Confederates and engaged them in a brief firefight. Although 14 of the cavalrymen were killed, they captured Confederates. When Maj. Once there, they managed to burn the ferry-house and crossing flats that were being used by the Federals. Jackson was a fairly important rail and road center for the Confederate forces. The plantation was on the west side of the island.
The Federals were able to drive away the Confederates. A brief firefight occured when the ships fired on the guns and the shore guns returned fire. The shelling lasted a short time and the ships withdrew. William C. Quantrill, attack the Union mail escort at Pink Hill. The Confederates are able to drive away the escort. The Federals attacked the Confederates, forcing them to quickly retreat. After the Confederates left, the Federals confiscated all of the corn and bacon at the farm, filling up a total of 36 wagons. June 17, in Smithville, Arkansas - On June 17, a Union force arrived at Smithville and was fired upon by a group of local bushwackers.
The Federals immediately returned fire, killing several of the bushwackers. The rest fled the area. With the ship's help, the Federals were able to force the Confederates to withdraw from their positions.
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